A computer programming career was exclusive in the past, with a handful of people skilled in advanced coding. Things have changed, and anyone looking to make a life out of this field must master more than one programming language.

Whether a new or experienced software developer, you must learn different programming languages to enhance your career. Learning a programming language that is in high demand is always advisable.

Statista analysts say JavaScript was the most-used programming language in 2022. Here is how the languages ranked:

  1. JavaScript
  2. HTML
  3. SQL
  4. Python
  5. TypeScript
  6. Java
  7. Bash / Shell
  8. C#
  9. C++
  10. PHP
  11. C
  12. PowerShell

Programming Languages to Learn in 2023

Regardless of your career aspirations, the following are programming languages to pursue in 2023:

  • JavaScript

The popularity of JavaScript among developers is always high, with more than 12 million active developers on board, making it the most widely-used programming language globally. 

JavaScript has excellent functionality and is adaptable to any project time, hence its popularity. Software developers use JavaScript to create interactive browsers and online apps, with over 97% of all web browsers using this programming language. JavaScript is a full-stack language, which means you can use it on both client and server-side. 

  • Python

With around 9 million active developers using it, Python is another popular programming language that will continue to shape the IT world in 2023. The language has various applications that make it versatile and robust, suitable for most programming projects.

Software developers use Python to create websites and applications, automate repetitive tasks, and analyze and display data. It’s the most suitable language for beginners due to its readability and user-friendliness. 

Python is freely available with elaborate support modules, easy integration, community development, and user-friendly data structures. It’s used for analyzing and visualizing data. Python’s easy-to-read feature enables non-programmers like statisticians, accountants, and scientists to use it efficiently.

  • PHP

Created in 1990, this open-source programming language with an active developer base of around six million. PHP is an easy-to-learn language suitable for beginners.

Developers use PHP to create personalized web content and write server-side and command-line scripts. Advanced programmers with top-notch PHP coding skills can use the language to develop desktop applications.

The various dedicated online communities offered by PHP make it easy for developers to get help and answers to queries.

  • C++

This programming language is popular with developers of games, animations, and mobile apps. C++ is a high-performance language also used to create desktop applications, websites, e-commerce platforms, and pages, making it a business favorite. 

C++ provides amazing tools for managing vast and complex projects. The extensive online community offers support and regular software update.

  • Java

Java is among the pioneer programming languages whose relevance in the IT world remains high. It was created in 1995 and has evolved to adapt to changes in the digital world hence its popularity up to date. Java forms the core of most web pages that we regularly visit.

It’s used for creating mobile apps, android apps, business software, and scientific-type apps. It’s also used in data analysis and programming of hardware devices. The Oracle-owned programming language will continue being in demand in 2023 and beyond.

  • C#

Pronounced C Sharp, C# is an objected-oriented language created by Microsoft and built on the C language foundation. Microsoft initially designed C# to support the .NET framework in building Windows applications.

It’s easy to understand, especially if you are transitioning from other languages in the C family, as they all use similar syntax. If you are interested in Virtual Reality, consider learning C# as it’s the best language for creating 2D and 3D video games. 

C# works well in Windows, iOS, and Android applications. You will find it on the back end of some popular websites like Dell, Bing, Market Watch, and Visual Studio.

Let’s Code

Most programming languages are built on a similar foundation. There are dozens of languages in the market. Evaluating your needs before deciding which one to learn is advisable. Some relevant languages in 2023 were still in demand five years ago. Therefore, ensure you don’t jump into every new language hyped by the promoters.

The above programming languages will continue to be relevant now and in years to come hence the importance of learning several of them.